What Is FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect?

What Is FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect?

What Is FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect? A display artifact called blooming, commonly referred to as the halo effect, happens when light from single, brilliant objects on a screen leaks into the shadows around them. The term “halo effect” refers to the resulting form of halo that is created around the object. It is related to LED screen full-array local dimming.

The FALD blooming/halo effect happens when light from nearby small, brilliant objects leaks into the dimmer areas.

Blooming, also known as the halo effect, happens when the light that is illuminating a small object leaks into the adjacent dimmed zones on displays employing Full-Array Local Dimming (FALD).

The amount of dimming zones the monitor has and how demanding the scene being displayed determine how awful the blooming is.

In contrast to OLED displays, which produce light on their own, LED monitors and TVs use a backlight to produce the image.

As a result, LED-backlit displays are unable to create true blacks, and some light will always bleed through the screen and cause backlight bleeding or VA/IPS glow, depending on the type of panel.

Some manufacturers use local dimming in their monitors and TVs to improve the image quality of LED displays so that it is comparable to that of OLEDs. Although it does improve the picture quality, this technology is not faultless.

What Is FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect?

A full moon in a dark sky or subtitles in a very dark movie are ideal illustrations of the blooming effect. The backlight works really well if the edges are plainly seen.

However, a bright glimmer surrounding the moon or the letters in the subtitle is frequently an indication of uneven backlighting. Because they frequently resemble a halo, these picture abnormalities are known as blooming or the halo effect.

Clouding and Dirty Screen Effect

In addition to clouding and the dirty screen look, uneven illumination can also produce other artifacts. The earlier term, which represents brighter patches that can also appear on LCD TVs, is derived from the English word meaning cloudiness. On TVs, clouding is typically visible at the edges.

Sports broadcasts are where the Dirty Screen Effect is most noticeable. It indicates that the same hue appears differently in other screen regions. For instance, the turf at a soccer match appears patchy and uneven.

What Causes The FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect?

Manufacturers install LEDs behind the entire screen when using full-array local dimming to better adjust the backlight in accordance with the displayed content. When the display has to show a brilliant object surrounded by dark areas, it turns on the LED zone behind the object while keeping the surrounding LED zones dim. These LEDs are divided into dimming zones. In turn, the adjacent unlit portions are made lighter by the light that seeps from the illuminated LED zone. The dazzling object is surrounded by a halo as a result. It is especially obvious surrounding solitary bright objects, such stars, captions, or street lights.

Blooming is a problem that affects all LED-backlit LCD TVs with full-array local dimming. However, the experience of viewing TV is impacted by the amount of flowering. It will be less obvious and disturbing if there is only very slight blooming. It can be unsettling if there is a lot of flowering, though.

The quantity of blooming you see also depends on how many local dimming zones are present on a display. Greater blooming could result if fewer zones cover larger areas. However, adding more dimming zones can lessen flowering.

How to Check FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect on a Display

To determine whether and how badly a display is affected by blooming, you can do a star-field test. Watching a recording of a clear night sky is essentially what a star-field exam entails. A star field is very good at showing issues like blooming and even black crush, where dimming results in a loss of shadow detail or subtle highlights since it includes a lot of bright stars separated by a night sky. You’ll see dazzling stars with ample black space between them in an ideal circumstance. Otherwise, stars will develop haloes around them.

Videos of star-field tests can be seen on YouTube. Of course, any Star Wars introduction will work as well.

Rtings.com, a great source for evaluations of other products as well as TVs and monitors, conducts its own testing for blooming and notes it in the reviews. It can also assist you in determining whether a TV you intend to purchase has blooming.

What Is Local Dimming?

The majority of LED displays use global dimming, which causes the overall image to become darker when there are dark situations or brighter when there are bright scenes. In other words, there is no localized fading, which explains why this kind of display’s contrast ratio is so low.

Then there are edge-lit displays, which have a number of dimming zones at the screen’s top, bottom, or left and right sides.

The low number of dimming zones on these displays means that even though they can slightly raise contrast ratio, situations with numerous dark and brilliant details next to one another won’t benefit.

The picture quality won’t be the best in scenes where the contrasting parts are far apart because banding may appear vertically or horizontally. To put it another way, edge-lit local dimming is only occasionally successful.

With full-array local dimming systems, the entire screen (behind the panel) is covered in LEDs, allowing for considerably better control of the zones that are dimmed in accordance with the content being shown.

FALD displays, however, are also significantly more expensive and bigger in appearance.

LED backlight: Two different types

You need to take a closer look at the structure of an LCD screen in order to comprehend where such an artifact originates. The Liquid Crystal layer, which blocks or allows light to pass, is the first interesting component in this case except the LED backlight.

But even more crucial is the accompanying LED backlight, which illuminates LCD TVs with the proper brightness. All LCD TVs rely on a backlight, whereas OLED TVs use individual pixels to produce light. In the meantime, there are several technologies present, and a TV’s price also matters because the better technologies are frequently reserved for the more expensive models.

Edge LED backlight

Since the LEDs in this type of backlighting are often placed near the display’s lower edge, they must light the entire screen. This can be dimmed, but only the adjacent vertical stripes can be dimmed. TVs with edge LED illumination are typically distinguished by a low contrast ratio and subpar black levels.

Full Array LED Backlight

This kind of backlight, also known as Direct-LED, is placed directly behind the entire screen and completely covers the display’s surface. Zones of the backlight can each be dimmed independently. The outcome is better on TVs with more dimming zones. This provides a lot more illumination possibilities, which also make the lighting look more uniform overall.

Sony’s XR Backlight Master Drive

At CES 2022, the manufacturer Sony declared that it would revive its own proprietary technology, XR Backlight Master Drive. This backlight optimization technology is already present in Sony’s ZD9 and ZG9 8K TV models.

The Sony X95K and Z9K LCD flagship models, both of which feature a tiny LED backlight, will use the technology. Here, the XR Backlight Master Drive is intended to dramatically boost the maximum brightness while significantly reducing the blooming effect. In the end, this improves the contrast ratio, which benefits both TVs’ overall picture quality.

Sony-developed local dimming algorithm is used by XR Backlight Master Drive, which is powered by the Cognitive Processor XR, to precisely manage thousands of small, incredibly high-density mini-LEDs on an individual basis. The end effect is extraordinary brightness, a strong dynamic range, dark, rich blacks, and strikingly lifelike midtones.

Alternatives and other technologies

It goes without saying that various solutions exist to keep blooming to a minimal as LCD TVs cannot totally eradicate it. Here is a list of the various technologies.

Mini LED backlight

Given that it still relies on LEDs, mini LED backlighting is not a particularly novel technology. However, compared to a typical LED backlight, these LEDs are much smaller, which explains why a lot more LEDs can fit into a panel.

Because of the increased number of dimming zones made possible by this, the contrast and black level can both be increased.

In 2021, Samsung released the Mini LED backlight on the market, and the 65-inch Neo QLED QN90A offers 792 dimming zones for extremely accurate local dimming. However, some blossoming may also take place in this area.


An OLED TV’s self-illuminating pixels eliminate the need for a backlight. Because each pixel then just turns off totally, they can also display a perfect black. Since each pixel has the ability to individually dim itself, the contrast is theoretically also unlimited in this regard.

Because an OLED has no distinct dimming zones, this also reduces blooming. Even though the risk is merely hypothetical in the private sector, burn-in can nonetheless happen here. However, the Automatic Brightness Limiter switches on at some time to safeguard the pixels, which explains why there isn’t such a high peak brightness.

A standout example of an OLED TV with the ideal picture is the LG C1 OLED. In this case, blooming is useless because every single pixel is capable of turning on by itself.

Pros and Cons of FALD Blooming Or Halo Effect

In addition to their more expensive pricing and bulkier design, FALD displays may occasionally show blooming.

When you place a cursor on a plain, black background, part of the light from the cursor will bleed into the nearby dim zones and produce the halo/bloom effect that will move with your cursor.

Local dimming won’t be as obvious in video games and movies because it wasn’t intended for normal desktop use. When not playing video games or viewing videos, you can simply turn off local dimming.

A little amount of blooming may also be evident in some video game and movie scenes, depending on the quantity and size of the dimming zones, but it won’t be noticeable in most instances save for the most extreme ones (night sky with stars, fireworks, etc.). Some people find those demanding situations pleasant, while others find them to be excessively distracting.

Because OLED displays don’t have issues with blooming, glowing, backlight bleeding, and other visual artifacts, most consumers prefer them over FALD monitors, which are typically more expensive. The biggest problem is that popular display form factors like 27′′ to 32′′ 1440p/4K high refresh rate models aren’t yet supported by OLEDs.

However, because they provide higher HDR image quality and performance than the more expensive FALD displays, LG’s 42″ and 34″ OLED TVs and Dell’s AW3423DW 34″ ultrawide monitor are both very well-liked. They just can’t grow as bright and run the risk of burning in the image.


How does blooming occur?

Blooming is a vibrant sheen that surrounds light content on a dark background. Because LCD televisions rely on separate backlighting, they have this picture flaw. Due to the defect’s potential to resemble a halo, the phrase “halo effect” may also occasionally appear. The blooming effect will be less noticeable depending on how effectively the backlight functions.

Clouding and the Dirty Screen Effect are further visual flaws that might be due to uneven illumination.

Does the blooming effect have a way to be stopped?

On an LCD TV, blooming can be mitigated but it can never be totally avoided. More effective at reducing blooming than low-cost TVs without a local dimming feature are high-quality TVs with a very good dimming algorithm and several dimming zones.

Exists a TV that doesn’t have the blooming effect?

OLED TVs do not have the blooming effect because they do not require a separate backlight. There is no requirement for a local dimming function because each pixel is independently lighted.

Exist any further technologies that reduce blooming?

For its pricey LCD TVs, Sony uses the XR Backlight Master Drive technology, which can also optimize the Mini LED backlight. Thus, while blooming can still be minimized, the maximum brightness can be greatly enhanced.

Can You Fix Blooming or Limit Its Effects?

Except for purchasing a different TV or monitor with little to no blooming, there isn’t much you can do to prevent or correct blooming. However, you can customize the local dimming settings that come with some panels to get the greatest results. The low local dimming option will make blooming less obvious by dimming the backlights less. Sadly, this also means that the local dimming will be less efficient in enhancing the contrast ratio of your display. A high local dimming setting will boost the contrast ratio, increasing the visibility of blooming. You can select the choice that best meets your needs.


  • Encelz

    Someone who is particularly interested in various gadgets, electronics, home theater, gaming consoles, and computers and who will openly and honestly provide various interesting information.

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